“The BREWER and the RAT”
‘Twas on a time a rat did stray
In search of food, and in his way,
By chance he met with sweet regale,
From dregs of Bowley’s new-brewn ale;
But not content with this good fare, 5
He search’d for something yet more rare:
He search’d, and found, he thought, a prize,
And straitway to his ruin flies.
Descends with ease the dreary vat,
And gladden’d much at this retreat, 10
Nor thought of danger till too late.
For in the midst of all his joys,
His fears were waken’d at the noise
Of Bowley with attendants twain,
Who for their fresh-fill’d vessel came. 15
The Rat now saw the danger great,
And earnest strove to shun his fate:
Oft round the fatal vat he run,
But by that found himself undone;
Because the efforts made in vain, 20
His once dear freedom to regain,
Soon drew the injur’d Brewer there,
To see the cause of noise so near.
Then did the Rat his error find,
Yet, not to prove the Fates unkind, 25
When dying to the Brewer spoke,
My discontent deserves this stroke.
Had not I been to prudence blind,
And all to thievery inclin’d;
I still had liv’d in pleasure free, 30
Nor lost my life with infamy.
The moral bids vain mortals to beware,
Lest they too soon do meet the Rat’s just fare;
Bids them not gratify their vicious will,
Which so productive is of future ill. 35
3 regale “A sumptuous meal” (OED).
4 dregs “The sediment of liquors” (OED); Bowley’s new-brewn ale A reference to a Quaker brewer by the name of Bowley whose business was centered in Cirencester, about 35 miles from Bennet’s hometown of Woodstock (Mathias, The Brewing Industry in England, p. 299). Bennet also includes a poem titled “Bowley’s Ale” in this volume (pp. 127-28)
5 fare “Food” (OED).
8 straitway “Immediately” (OED).
9 vat “A cask, tun, or other vessel used for holding or storing water, beer, or other liquid” (OED).
14 twain “In concord with” (OED).
25 Fates “In later Greek and Roman mythology, the three goddesses supposed to determine the course of human life” (OED).
28 prudence “The ability to recognize and follow the most suitable or sensible course of action” (OED).
31 infamy “Evil fame or reputation” (OED).
Source: Poems on Several Occasions (London, 1774), p. 117-19. [Google Books]
Edited by Nicole Breazeale